Dr. Abdul Mu'ti: Identity Politics Triggers Violence
|Dr. Abdul Mu’ti, M.Ed delivers expert lecture
Secretary of Muhammadiyah Central Leadership, Dr. Abdul Mu'ti, M.Ed, indicated at this time there are two trends of global resurgence that lasted simultaneously. The first resurrections are secularism, atheism, agnosticism and religious conflicts. On the other hand, there is a trend rise of spiritualism and fundamentalism both because of welfare and pressures of life, and the strengthening of identity politics. He said this in expert lecture at UMM, Wednesday (11/24).
As the result, said Mu'ti, it appears inevitable contestation between secularism and spiritualism. "On the one hand, liberalism led to an open attitude including in dressing. On the other hand, the fundamentalists as if to counter with modeling the clothes that completely covered, even very close that it led to a negative stigma," continued Mu'ti giving example.
Former chairman of Youth Muhammadiyah Central Leadership stated that politics of identity is increasingly prominent. Religious symbols, for example, are increasingly shown demonstratively. Each group wants its identity to be dominant, so that if it is not accommodated it would lead to conflict. "The more prosperous one’s life, it would lead him/her having a desire to stand out his/her identity more. People of Kudus are no longer need jenang (kind of food), but "jeneng" (name, red.)," said the lecturer of IAIN Semarang.
However, there was momentum believed to alter the history of relations between Islam and the West, namely the bombings of the twin towers in New York in 2001. Event known as 9/11 led to the bomb-blast and at the same time bomb-bless.
Boom-blast clearly harmed Muslims of the world for the result of the incident was as if Muslims became suspects. Everywhere there were suspicions against Islamic people's behavior, so that the terminology of terrorism is always identified with Muslim groups. In contrast, 9/11 turned out to improve in quality and quantity of understanding of Islam. "In Europe, an increasing number of new converts is remarkable. Even, in Britain, Muslim community has increased by 300%," explained the bomb-bless or wisdom from the event of 9/11.
Along with that there are efforts in de-legitimating religion in various countries, such as France and Netherlands. Stigmatization of Muslims and Islamophobia carried out by several scholars through caricature, books and movies. As performed by Richard Donking, Tarekh Ali and Geertz Wilders. "Thieir provocation to further improve anti-Semitism and racism," said Mu'ti.
Then what is the solution? According to Mu'ti, it needs to conduct ongoing interreligious dialogue, both in social and theological contexts. It needs to find meeting point, although not all aspects can be met.
"There's always a ground as inter-faith entrance. There is a inclusive point," explained Mu'ti optimistic. Forum and inter-faith organizations have evolved both at the national, regional to global level, among other things, Alliance of Civilizations, World Conference of Religion for Peace, Asian Conference of Religion for Peace, and others. (trs/nas/t_alf)