Children with Special Needs (ABK) should have been borne by the state. International convention and state constitution mandated that the abnormal children and the extraordinary ones have rights to obtain the same education with normal children. However, the problem often faced is still about the readiness of schools, teachers and social environment which could not accept yet.
That was one point which raised in the National Symposium of Special Education and Special Service Education at UMM Dome on Sunday (21/2). The event held by Faculty of Psychology UMM was followed by about 200 participants, mostly from studies and Guidance and Counseling teachers of Muhammadiyah schools throughout East Java. The symposium was opened by the Chairman of Muhammadiyah Regional Leadership of Java Muhammadiyah, Prof. Dr. Syafiq Mughni. PSLB Director of Education of Ministry of National Education, Dr. Ekodjatmiko Sukarso and Rector of the University of Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM), Dr. Muhadjir Effendy, MAP appeared in the keynote speech.
Muhadjir agreed with the statement of the Minister of Education, M. Nuh, that Indonesian education is non-discriminatory. That means that all citizens must acquire an education at least a basic education. ABK should be a "country boys", meaningthe state must arrange for 100% of the needs of education for disabled children and talented children. "They are state assets. Therefore, there should be no children who are unacceptable at schools for they have imperfections. Besides, there should be no super-intelligent children who are then taken by other countries to be used their intelligence," said Muhadjir.
Furthermore, Muhadjir criticized one of the problems of non-discriminative inclusive education is teachers. Often, the teachers are lack of appreciation on their profession as a heart calling (personal calling), especially when it comes to matters of certification. "Teacher’s character which was built from heart calling will serve students with a vengeance as a social responsibility. So, the self intrinsic factors are more dominant than the extrinsic ones for example the professional allowance or others," added Muhadjir.
Meanwhile, Ekodjatmiko was concern on the weaknesses of educator’s mindset about the handling of children with special needs. There are still many people who view ABK as a problem, so here are many excuses put forward by the school to reject them. "In the future, because the ministerial regulations have already existed, then there should be no more discrimination like this," said the PSLB Director who would end his duty next month.
Previously, Syafiq Mughni pointed out, the teachings of Islam strongly opposes discrimination. Muhammadiyah itself will keep moving forward to remain being a pioneer for inclusive education and take a more meaningful role for the wider community. "Muhammadiyah has many good educational institutions which were emulated by others. Those are strategic assets that can move the corporation together," said Syafiq. (rka/nas/t_alf)