|Speakers at the first session of the Indonesian Association for Social Sciences Convention for the Development of Social Sciences (HIPISS) (Photo: Mirza / PR)|
The first session of the Indonesian Association for Social Sciences Convention for the Development of Social Sciences (HIPISS) at the University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Thursday (8/8), focused on responding to the issue of social science response related to Infrastructure Development and its Implications for Social Change. The convention moderated by Dr. M. Alfan Alfian was presented Prof. Dr. Ravik Karsidi, Dra, Fransisca Saveria Sika Ery Seda, MA, PhD (UI Sociologist), and Prof. Dr. Bagong Suyatno, (Sociologist at Airlangga University).
In his presentation, sociologist UI Ery Seda mentioned that there were several social implications of infrastructure development that social activists need to pay attention more. In general, the implications of infrastructure development were expected to support poverty alleviation, create employment, equitable distribution of development outcomes to reduce regional disparity, contribute directly to economic growth, and improve connectivity.
"Namely increasing productivity, efficiency, and service of the national logistics system for strengthening the competitiveness of the nation in the global scope focusing on integrated land and maritime connectivity, reducing the disparity between regions, between regions, and among the income of the community including the poor society in efforts to equalize development. In addition, it has a purpose to move the real economy and absorbing large numbers of workers, especially in the construction services sector, "said Ery.
Otherwise, infrastructure development also had negative implications. The two cases described by Ery included Agrarian conflicts due to land acquisition like the case in Trans Papua infrastructure development and Trans Java development cases. He said infrastructure development had the potential to cause social structure shifts and encourage urbanization. "From this case, we need to distinguish conceptually about the impact of social change," Ery said.
Meanwhile, Chairman of the HIPISS consideration board Prof. Dr. Ravik Karsidi said, in this second period the government had set priorities for infrastructure development and human resource development. "Capital for infrastructure investment will return for a long time while the development of human capital may not even return, but it is something that must be held so that we can follow the development of a world that demands change, "Ravik said.
On the other hand, Unair Sociologist Prof. Dr. Bagong Suyatno actually criticized the focus of infrastructure development by asking questions about who got profit from infrastructure development. According to him, in every infrastructure development, there were always parties who get the benefit and even suffer losses. "If a less developed region is connected through infrastructure to a more developed region, is it always profitable for less developed regions?" He said.
"The key is improving the quality of human resources. In line with what Mr. Ravik said, so that infrastructure development can have a positive impact on social change, it needed good integration in infrastructure, economy, social and administration. We also need a special strategy to build human resources through reforms in the fields of education, mental and bureaucracy especially capability that is able to adjust the new demands for social change," said Bagong. (Win)