|Head of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) Agus Raharjo. (Photo: Chandra / PR)|
The head of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) Agus Raharjo mentioned the implementation of the General Elections simultaneously in April 2019 as momentum for improving the law in Indonesia. Primarily was the anticipation of efforts to weaken the law of corruption. "However, we must anticipate the potential for political corruption and trade in influences that occur before and after the 2019 election," he said.
Agus was appointed as the keynote speaker at the Faculty of Law University of Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM) public discussion event at the 9th GKB IV Hall of UMM. Besides Agus, there were public figures, practitioners, and academics from UMM and Universitas Brawijaya. This agenda carried the theme of the Prospect of Eradicating Corruption in Indonesia after the 2019 Election and the Urgency of Amendment to the Corruption Eradication Law.
Mentioned, Agus, the score of the Indonesian Corruption Perception Index (CPI) from 1995 to 2017 was still volatile but continued to show a positive trend compared to the scores of the Brazilian, Indian and Chinese CPI. These three countries were chosen as a comparison because of the similarity of parameters used to assess Indonesia's CPI. "Even so, in 2018, Indonesia's GPA score only rose 1 point from 37 to 38 on a scale of 100," he explained.
The number of political costs caused the potential for political corruption. The government subsidy program for political parties cannot erase the practice of money politics. It was necessary to strengthen law enforcement to suppress corruption committed by politicians or officials. "Required commitment of each presidential and vice presidential candidate and candidates in the context of efforts to eradicate corruption in Indonesia," he said.
One of the real efforts to eradicate corruption was to make changes to the laws on corruption (Corruption Law). They were reformatting of article 2 and article 3 into one article. In the phrase, "abusing authority" is changed to "against the law". Also the expansion of the meaning of "public officials", and the element of "public officials" as ballast.
While the former Head of the Indonesian Supreme Court Criminal Chamber Dr. Artidjo Alkostar, S.H., LLM. declared anti-corruption political commitments after the 2019 Election, depending on a number of factors. One of them was the collective awareness of the Indonesian people in an effort to achieve social justice, so that antisocial political corruption can be eroded in a gradual and sustainable.
Another factor was social control of the community towards recruitment of power in the executive and legislative institutions; strengthening the integrity and function of the Court (referees) in adjudicating cases, especially in contact with cases that were politically charged, as well as; there needed to be a role model or an example of the attitude of high-level political power states that showed zero tolerance for corruption.
The last, it needed to be fostered and enhanced the anti-corruption attitude that existed in individuals and society so that it can become a civil force at any time to move and voice opposition to all forms of corruption. Referring to the book How Democracies Die, Artidjo said that democracy had a set of written rules, they were the Constitution and Judicial Institutions.
"The written rules of the constitution will run well if supported by unwritten rules of the game, which are the norms of guardians of democracy, maintain political competition every time from open conflict," concluded lecturer at the Faculty of Law, Indonesian Islamic University (UII) Yogyakarta who was also a Judge Agung the Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia for the period 2000-2018. (Win)