Head of Research and Development Center of Electricity Technology for Renewable Energy (P3T KEBT) The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources/Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (ESDM), Ir. Ris Wahyuti, said that Indonesia's energy needs had increased. Meanwhile, the fulfillment of fossil energy such as petroleum and coal were running low and could not be expected anymore. It was predicted that no more than 23 years, the energy fulfillment from petroleum would be exhausted.
"It needs alternative solutions for energy fulfillment in Indonesia. Development of renewable energy can be a solution and universities are expected to become a pioneer of new renewable energy development," said Ris when giving a keynote speech in the national seminar “Renewable Energy, Electricity Research and Development Policies and Renewable Energy at the Campus of University of Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM)”, Monday (12/14). The seminar attended by more than 500 participants took place attractively because UMM also showed his best work in an effort to develop alternative energy. Accompanied by Rector of UMM, Dr. Muhadjir Effendy, MAP, Ris also reviewed the location of Micro Hydro Power Plant/Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikro Hidro (PLTMH) at UMM campus.
As is known, UMM was the only university in Indonesia that successfully built PLTMH. This project was a part of UMM efforts to make the campus has its own energy source which came from study done by lecturers and students as well as to contribute to cope with electricity shortages in the future. Upon the success, PLTMH of UMM received ASEAN Energy Award in ASEAN Renewable Energy Project Management Competition).
Muhadjir said the issue of new and renewable energy (EBT) had become UMM concern since recent years. At UMM, the institute has established the Center for Development of Renewable Energy which had become research activity center for alternative energy. In addition to PLTMH, the institute also assessed and developed solar cell power, biogas and methane production from waste.
The higher energy needs, said Muhadjir, requires the university to take part in giving solutions. The EBT development becomes long-term strategic research and has collateral effect for many parties. Therefore, he hoped cooperation with P3T KEBT ESDM would continue mainly in the field of research.
"Multidisciplinary research continues to be developed by involving students and lecturers of UMM to explore the sources for future energy," said Muhadjir hoping that students can take this theme for their thesis.
Meanwhile, Ris expected to maximize the use of EBT which is now is still 15 percent. So far, fossil energy development has quite large impacts of climate change. "Development cooperation of UMM PLTMH can be used as a pilot and renewable energy research place in Eastern Indonesia," she continued. PLTMH of UMM was built upon the assistance of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources.
The seminar itself presented panelists Ir. Trihono Sewoyo who discussed the development of the second phase of UMM PLTMH; Ir. A Fauzan MT who exposed Methane Gas Production from waste as an environmentally friendly alternative energy; and Ir. Diding Suhardi, MT who described the potential development and use of solar energy in tropical regions in which the tree of them have been developed by UMM.
PLTMH II of UMM would soon be built to increase the energy supply to meet the needs of the campus. During this time, the electricity was generated from PLTMH I, solar cell and biogas have produced a maximum power of 100 kwh. For the needs of the campus at night, the energy is enough even it is excess, but for daytime it contributes around 30%. "So, the development of PLTMH II is very urgent and very strategic," said Head of New and Renewable Energy Development of UMM, Dr. Herwintono. (rka/t_alf)
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