|Prof. Dr. H. Abdurrahman Mas'ud, M.A. (left). (Photo: Special)|
Head of R & D Agency Education and Training Ministry of Religion Republic Indonesia Prof. Dr. H. Abdurrahman Mas'ud, M.A. said, legally, Indonesia is very pro Human Rights. “Our constitutions accommodate important values regarding human rights.In addition, we also ratify various international human rights law instruments so that they become applicable national law,” said Mas'ud.
It is delivered by Mas’ud in the three days scientific forum with the theme “Compatibility between Sharia and International Human Rights Law” in Hotel Kapal Garden Sengkaling, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM) Wednesday (26/6) noon. Indonesian and Foreign academics, activists and human rights activists intensively discussing human rights and Sharia issues, also the latest related issues.
Meanwhile, Mas’ud said, according to a socio-religious perspective, human rights are considered as universal religious values. In Islam for example, Human rights are part of the fundamental Maqasid al-Syariah (sharia objectives). Practically the existing fiqh law must be based on the Maqasid. In the context of human rights, fiqh law must respect, protect and fulfill human rights values.
“Sociologically, it is very beneficial for the Indonesian people, because the Muslim community as the majority upholds the values of Islam that are friendly (smiling), happy, multicultural, and rahmatan lil 'alamin. Therefore, in terms of human rights acceptance, our society is very appreciative, conformistic and inclusive (open-minded),” He said in front of the participants from all over Indonesia.
Nevertheless, saidthe man who graduated from the Islamic Studies, Univ. California, USA,various cases of human rights violations still occur frequently, despite their low intensity.As a consequence, every elements of the nation, both state apparatus and civil society have an obligation to cooperate with each other as well as possible. With solid social solidity, we will be able to face every obstacle.
Prof. Dr. Syamsul Arifin, as Vice Rector 1 of UMM for Academic Affairs stated that this agenda was proof in strengthening the human rights perspective in order to understand Sharia.This is one of the important aspects of supporting the long term enforcement of human rights.They get a special opportunity to be actively involved in the human rights education process resulting from this collaboration.
The collaboration is between the Center for Islamic and Philosophy Studies (PSIF) and the UMM Faculty of Law, Research and Development Agency and Diklat, Ministry of Religion of the Republic of Indonesia, Norwegian Center for Human Rights (NCHR) of the University of Oslo and International Center for Law and Religion Studies (ICLRS). This yearly event aims to sharpenthe ability and capability of participants in the field of Human Rights and Sharia.
One of the presenters, Hasnan Bachtiar, compared the arguments and practices of human and Sharia elaboration in Middle Eastern, African and Southeast Asian countries. In the case of Sudan, for example, human rights are very important because the country has conditions with a history of human rights violations, coups, and civil war. While in Indonesia, human rights are good even though they are not completely free from the problems.
Previously, all participants conducted research for 2 months, both literature research and field research with Sharia and Human Rights in Indonesiaas the topics. In the seminar session, the participants will present, discuss, and debate the results of their research. The results of the research manuscripts will be posted and will be published in August to September 2019. (joh)