|Julie Chernov Hwang. (Foto: Aan/PR)|
We can help former terrorist inmates (ex-Napitor), to not return being terrorists by making alternative social networks for them. This was conveyed by Julie Chernov Hwang, a professor of terrorism experts from the University of California, United States when dissecting his book "Why Terrorist Quit: The Disengagement of Indonesian Jihadist", Friday (12/7) at the University of Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM).
Julie, who for many years has been pursuing the problem of terrorism, said that there were four basic factors that were able to help ex-Napitor return to society. First, the disappointment factor. This factor was an internal factor where Napitor began to feel disappointed with the strategy, ideology, leader, tactics, and so on. "He will look for other ways to make himself able to regain power," explained Julie.
After feeling disappointed, the ex-Napitor will begin to weigh and assess the impact and usefulness of what was obtained. This second factor, said Julie, was still an internal factor that must start from the awareness of a Napitor. The Napitor had begun to question the relevance of his actions, the goodness of the past and present, also thinking about the context of goodness that was relevant to the present conditions.
When it began to realize that it was time for Napitor to stop, he must have a new social network. This new social network was the third factor called by Julie as an alternative social network factor. "Here we can play a role by accepting ex-Napitor as an ordinary friend, without seeing his past. That way they will feel comfortable to stay, "said Julie.
After getting an alternative social network, he was able to rely on other people besides his friends when he was a Jihadist. In addition, there was one important (fourth) factor underlying it so that it stopped to being a terrorist again which was a priority change factor like work, new social relations, new teachings, and a new future so that he can truly abandon the ideology that was once adopted.
In the discussion attended by students and lecturers of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences (FISIP), Zen Amiruddin as a representative from UMM thanked Julie for taking the time to come from America. He hoped that the knowledge delivered can open the horizons of lecturers and students. "Hopefully this will be our motivation to actively examine the problem of terrorism in Indonesia," he said. (Win)