|Prof. Dr. drh. Lili Zalizar, M.S. holding the product, Supra cream. (Photo: Aan / PR)|
The Agricultural Research and Development Agency said that inflammation of the udder or known as Mastitis was a major problem in dairy farming. This disease caused economic losses of up to Rp.10 million /head/year due to a decrease in milk production, a decrease in the quality of milk, the cost of expensive care and treatment as well as productive early separation of cattle.
Departing from this, lecturer at the Faculty of Agriculture-Animal Husbandry (FPP) University of Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM) Prof. Dr. drh. Lili Zalizar, M.S. did research on Mastitis cases. "The condition that is most damaging to dairy farming is the inflammation of the mammary glands," Lili explained. While there were two types of Mastitis, which were clear clinical symptoms (Clinical Mastitis) and those that do not appear (Subclinical).
Lili said that the symptoms that were commonly found in dairy cattle were usually in the form of Sub Clinical symptoms. Its characteristics were difficult to detect because symptoms caused did not appear. "I have researched in one area in Pujon. From only one area, 60% of the cows are affected by subclinical mastitis and they know when it is in a very severe condition," she continued.
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In addition to economic losses, mastitis can indirectly affect human health. Increased incidence of mastitis was followed by increased use of antibiotics, which in turn has the potential to increase antibiotic residues in milk and the potential for increased bacterial resistance to antibiotics. This disorder affected health problems for humans.
Based on the identification results that she had done at the dairy cattle centre in West Java, the pathogenic bacteria causing mastitis were Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae. This bacterial transmission was through the nipples and multiplies in the mammary gland. This happened because the nipples that have been milked open, then contact with the floor or hand that contained bacteria.
In severe conditions affected cattle Mastitis, milk produced by dairy cows cannot be mixed with other cow's milk and looks broken. This was also in line with the results of her research in the case of Clinical Sub-Mastitis of lactating dairy cows in Pujon District, Malang Regency. Lili then conducted research for the treatment and prevention of mastitis cases and produced a product in the form of an anti-mastitis cream.
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Cows that have been finished milking, cow's milk udder directly smeared with this cream had a much lower number of bacteria compared to those who were not given anti-mastitis cream. "Thus, the chances of becoming mastitis are lower than those not smeared with a cream. This is because the higher the number of bacteria, the chance of mastitis is higher, "she said when met last Wednesday (2/27).
Lili planned to produce its findings into commercial products. Already a year had been carried out packaging on anti-mastitis cream products. Current production was still for certain groups who were scattered in several places. Like the Jabung Cooperative and breeders in the Pujon area. "In the future, we may be able to produce this product en masse and have patent rights," she said further.
Downstreaming and commercializing the results of the research was indeed becoming a major concern of UMM. "We not only conduct research to be used as journals, but the results of our research are applied as a product so that people can also feel the results of their research. One of them is an anti-mastitis cream, "said the lecturer from Subang, West Java, who was known to concern about increasing the productivity of this livestock. (Win)