|Prof. Bambang Sugiharto as the presenters in BAU UMM (Photo: Mirza/PR UMM)|
Food security becomes a never ending topic to be discussed. Not only in Indonesia, food security topic often become a serious International discussion. For this reason, it requires an increase in food yield, both from agriculture and livestock.
However, the increase in food yields cannotequalize the annual population growth rate. Therefore, it is feared that in the future, it will experience foodshortages.
Various methods are used to support food security. One of them is technological innovation to solve food shortages, namely through biotechnology. U.S. Embassy Jakarta in collaboration with the Center for Biotechnology Development of the University of Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM) held a "Biotechnology Youth Outreach" in the Hall of the UMM Administration Bureau (18/09).
Prof. Bambang Sugiharto, the Director of the Indonesian Biotechnology Information Center in his presentation discussedthe Agricultural Biotechnology. He revealed, the benefits of plant biotechnology are not only to provide more food availability.
"Development of biotechnology can increase plant growth and production, as well as the quality and nutritional value of food. Biotechnology itself is also in line and supports environmental preservation. So Biotechnology can be a solution for food security,"said Bambang.
In line with Bambang, Dr. Aris Winaya, M.Si, lecturer of Animal Husbandry UMM presented the use of biotechnology in the effort to conserve livestock. The goal is that the community can maintain germplasmin order to avoid extinction.
Toprotectpotentiallocal animalsin Indonesia, it can be done by identifying, characterizing and monitoring local animalsconsidered endangered. In addition, the use of local livestock must be carried out continuously, andnon-stop so that the genes remain available for a long period of time. Genetic sample material must be sufficient to be stored in order to ensure the safety of endangered local unique genes.
"We also need to develop and revive local wisdom that supports genetic protection as a strategy to maintain the genetic uniqueness of local animals," said Aris.
According to Aris, local wisdom is a surefire strategy to protect genetics because Indonesia still respects the local wisdom that was initiated by their ancestors. That way genetic preservation is carried out by every part of society. (joh)