|Islam Review: Prof. Dawam Rahardjo as reviewing political conflict in Islam, on Saturday (25/4).|
The current issue of global Islamic politic attracts Center of Islam and Philosophy Studies (PSIF) University of Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM). A conflict known as Arab Spring since 2011 was discussed with an expert of Islamic studies, Prof. Dawam Rahardjo, on Saturday (25/6). The discussion was led by Head of PSIF Dr. M. Nurhakim, M.Ag and followed by hundred faculties and students. Coming to give a speech, a coordinator of Center of Islam and Multiculturalism Studies (PSAM) Post-graduate Program UMM Prof. Dr. Syamsul Arifin.
Dawam explained that Islam was often identically connected to Arab and hence each conflict in Arab would always be connected to Islam despite the well growth of Islam in non-Arab countries such as Turkey, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Somalia, Nigeria, and the like.
Most conflicts are triggered by change demand from absolute feudal-monarchy to democratic. It was also often triggered by military coup d’etat toward weak regime. Currently, the conflict was also triggered by Sunni-Shia as well as radical groups in the name of Islamic State of Iraq-Syria (ISIS).
“At the first time, Arab Spring was allegedly regarded as fourth democratization movement since it mostly happens in several countries fighting against authoritative military regime or secular-socialism fascist countries,” said Dawam. However, the same indications apparently did not happen in Islamic feudal-monarchy countries.
Interestingly, both Sunni and Shia were controlled by the same feudal-authoritative regime. Gradually they, however, needed an internal movement to make democratic changes. “Theoretically, Islam is a uniting ideology. But, due to its pluralism, it would also become a source of conflicts,” added Dawam, first professor in UMM.
He suggested to repress a conversation-stopper comprehensive doctrine in political public. Adding, he also admitted that it was not that easy to do so since Islam (as what happens in both Catholic and Protestant) is evangelic religion which could not be repressed in public.
Quoting what Jurgen Habermas, a German Philosopher, Dawam suggested that Islam in Secular-Arabian countries should be liberated in order to face post-secular era and hence could possibly lead to Islamism and secularism dialogue. “This such compromise has already occurred in Indonesia, the first republic-democratic countries in Islam world since World War II,” explained Dawam. It pointed to Pancasila formulation in which Indonesia was included in secular country yet still based on monotheism.
“The key model is understanding between two groups: Islam and nationalism,” he added. Furthermore, pointing to Indonesia and Pakistan experiences, there has to be a coalition between Islam and nationalism. To repress techno-authoritative military potency leading into conflict in liberal-democratic country, this compromise is necessarily needed between civil and military.
Nurhakim said this discussion was intentionally held to motivate academicians to concern on Islamic problems. Somehow, as modern university in the name of Islam, UMM should provide a scientific solution towards what happened in Islam, especially to give an enlightenment. (ima/nas/t_stu)