|Prof. Dr. Syamsul Arifin, M.Si. as Keynote Speaker at the International Conference on Law Reform (INCLAR). (Photo: Special)|
Held for two days (24-25 / 9) at the Batu City Purnama Hotel, the International Conference on Law Reform (INCLAR) Faculty of Law (FH) University of Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM) was opened by Vice-Rector I Prof. Dr. Syamsul Arifin, M.Si. In front of professors from various countries. Syamsul said, in the future Islam and democracy had worked together.
Reflecting on the Jakarta Governor Election conflict 2017 and Presidential Election 2019, Syamsul said that the attitude of the political elite reflected that democracy in Indonesia was merely procedural. Syamsul then quoted the concept of ideal democracy put forward by Larry Diamond that democracy had four basic concepts.
"First is competition for power where the government is chosen and replaced through free and fair elections," Syamsul explained. Second, the people participated as citizens in political and civil life. Third, the human rights of all citizens were protected by the state. Finally, the law applied indiscriminately, applied equally to all.
According to Syamsul, the behaviour of political elites did not reflect a democratic state that used hate speech to support the interests of one party. Democracy should respect the choices of others and protect the choices of others. It was wrong if heating the tension that had been hot since the election of governor of DKI Jakarta.
The elite used the concept of populism to carry out their interests where they united many Islamic organizations with a certain background by mentioning as a religious interest to carry the interests of certain people. Then the people, the elite and the government were increasingly divided.
"Islamic movements that drive populism had to be accompanied by a healthy democracy," said Syamsul. This time, according to Syamsul, populist discourse and forms of action were still trapped in primordial issues that still arose in the interests of political electoral contestation.
Supposedly, continued Syamsul, political elites brought populist discourse aimed to bring awareness to the public that the main agenda of reform was law enforcement, human rights, fighting corruption and empowering the economic community. (win)