THE PROFESSOR of the State Islamic University (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta Prof. Dr. Azyumardi Azra, MA, CBE, in Kajian Ramadhan (Ramadhan Study) 1436 H held by East Java Muhammadiyah Regional Executive Board (PWM) on Sunday (29/6) at University of Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM), stated that Islam in Indonesia is not a hotbed for radicalism.
“It should be admitted that radicalism nowadays happened everywhere, especially in Middle East, West Asia, and Southeast Asia,” he said.
Themed “Pencegahan Radikalisme di Dunia Islam” or “The Prevention of Radicalism in Islamic World”, Azra gave reasons why there are many Europe Muslims and western countries join the radical group Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). In his explanation, it was informed that the Europe Muslims especially the youths are having the sense of alienation from their social and political environment.
“They feel frustrated and depressed, and finally seek escape by joining the groups in which they believe can accommodate them. It is different from Indonesia, here our youth Muslim generation are able to develop better due to the supportive environment since they were children,” said him.
To prevent the effect of radicalism in Indonesia, there needs to be strict rules applied in society. Haiti mentioned many people who arrested and being discovered as the sympathizers willing to join ISIS finally released since they were proved not guilty. “We finally released them but still putting them under supervision. The Indonesian Laws only punish those who are proved as guilty. This country needs strict laws in preventing radicalism,“ said Haiti.
The role of Islamic social organization such as Muhammadiyah is really crucial in re-straightening the original ideologies of society out of radicalism, which is known as ‘deradicalization’. “For those who haven’t being brainwashed yet by the radical ideology, early prevention needs to be internalized, starting from the family. The children, for instance, need to be provided by positive activities such as courses or sports,” he uttered.
Nevertheless, the supervision and prevention from radicalism need to be done in order to stop its development in Indonesia. “The family is the first madrasah which provides the best compassionate education, followed by the educational institution through the relevant subject such as religion and civic education, and finally the revitalization of students organization,” he said.
Prof. Dr. A. Malik Fadjar, M.Sc agreed that the radicalism had already infiltrated the educational institution in Indonesia. “Preventing the radicalism is not a simple thing to do. It could be proposed through books, media, or discussion on this particular subject,” said him.
Radicalism, he continued, is indeed should be prevented since it is one of three extraordinary crimes in Indonesia. “There are three extraordinary crimes, namely drugs abuse, terrorism, and corruption. Radicalism itself leads to terrorism,” he added.