An educational model that does not differentiate every group is a dream for everyone. This is the focus of the issue raised in the Inclusive Education Seminar held by the Faculty of Psychology of UMM and the Applied Psychology Laboratory of Individual Psychology with Special Needs (LPT PIBK), University of Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM), Saturday (7/12). Present the chairman of the Mind Research Foundation, Rtn. MPHF. Ayyapparaj M.
"Actually there are several teaching strategies and compensatory support tools that have been carried out for people with disabilities in India. Among them are adjustable furniture, wheelchairs, removing barriers to building structures, and providing standing frames," said Rtn. MPHF. Ayyapparaj M., when explaining the Seminar entitled Inclusive Education for Students with Disabilities.
As for the visually impaired, continued Ayyapparaj, we provided books with Braille letters, mobility sticks (sticks commonly used for visually impaired), the provision of audio and recording aids. "No less important, they are also taught the shape, size, thickness, weight, and others. Itis close to real experience through touch, sense of smell and hearing on an object," he said.
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"Not only that, teachers usually use a verbal approach. Books are equipped with speech aids and calculators. Make them familiar with the direction, for example, counting how many footsteps from the bed to the window, how many footsteps to the door, and others. As well as giving auditory cues when playing games and sports," he said in front of educators.
"We know that in Indonesia,there are several education systems namely Segregation, Inclusion, and Integration. In segregation education, schools separate children with special needs from regular children, and if in Inclusion we can interpret education that every child can enter it," explained M. Salis Yuniardi, S.Psi., M.Psi., Ph.D ., as the Dean of the Faculty of Psychology UMM.
For integration education, continued Salis, children with special needs with normal children are usually mixed. However, it is grouped into special units or classes. This has been regulated in Regulation Number 23 of 2002 concerning Child Protection. "Through this Inclusion Education Seminar, we wish this will be a new insight for the participants. Because the majority of our participants are from schools,"said Salis. (joh)